Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park

Exterior of the Anzac Memorial, including the Pool of ReflectionLooking down the Pool of Reflection to the Anzac MemorialSouthern façade of the Anzac MemorialClose-up of the buttress sculptures and corner figures on the Anzac MemorialView of the Anzac Memorial from Liverpool Street, SydneyAerial view of the Anzac Memorial and surrounding cityTwo niches in the Hall of Memory in the Anzac MemorialThe Well of Contemplation in the Anzac MemorialThe eternal flame in the Anzac MemorialSacrifice statue in The Hall of Silence in the Anzac MemorialView through the Well of Contemplation from the Sacrifice statueClose-up of the buttress sculptures and corner figures on the Anzac MemorialClose-up of the buttress sculptures and arched windows on the Anzac MemorialClose-up of exterior bas relief panels on the Anzac MemorialClose-up of exterior bas relief panels on the Anzac MemorialClose-up of Dome of Stars and arched windows inside the Anzac MemorialClose-up of arched windows inside the Anzac MemorialEtched world map on the Cascade entryway to the Centenary Extension at the Anzac MemorialView within the Hall of Service looking out through the Occulus to the original Anzac MemorialThe Centenary Exhibition in the Anzac MemorialAnzac Memorial foundation stone 1Anzac Memorial foundation stone 2Anzac Memorial, interior plaque 1Anzac Memorial, interior plaque 2Archival image. Dellit's watercolour of the Anzac Memorial precinct in Hyde ParkArchival image. Aerial view of Hyde Park.Archival image. Pamphlet about the Anzac Memorial.Archival image. Pamphlet about the Anzac Memorial.Archival image. Description about the external bas reliefs.
Description

The Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park is the principal war memorial of New South Wales. It is a living monument to service and sacrifice and a significant cultural and civic space.

The Memorial was built in the early 1930s to perpetuate the memory of the men and women from New South Wales who served in the First World War and to be a place of comfort for those who had lost loved ones. The design and construction was a partnership between architect Charles Bruce Dellit and George Rayner Hoff, renowned English artist living in Sydney.

The two foundation stones were laid on 19 July 1932 and the Memorial was dedicated on 24 November 1934. The official opening was performed by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Gloucester, at a ceremony witnessed by approximately 100,000 people. The milestone event was covered in detail by The Sydney Morning Herald on 26 November. In his speech, the Duke declared:

To the glory of God, and in honoured memory of the men and women of New South Wales who gave their lives, and in gratitude to all who left this State to serve the Empire in the Great War, I unveil this Anzac Memorial.

In 1984, following a proposal by the Trustees of the Anzac Memorial, the Anzac Memorial (Building) Act 1923 was amended to enable the Memorial to be rededicated for all Australians who serve their country. On 30 November 1984, just days after the memorial’s 50th anniversary, the Governor of New South Wales, His Excellency Sir James Anthony Rowland, K.B.E., D.F.C., A.F.C., K.St.J. performed the rededication and unveiled a plaque recording the event. 

Learn more: Anzac Memorial – The history of the Anzac Memorial

Interior design and features

The Memorial includes several architecturally and artistically designed areas, the most notable of which are The Hall of Silence, The Hall of Memory, and The Hall of Service. The Hall of Service was added in 2018 as the centrepiece of the ‘Centenary Extension’ renovations, to mark the 100th anniversary of the First World War. It features a major installation by Australian artist Fiona Hall, which consists of 1,701 soil samples, representing the home addresses given by First World War enlistees. All three areas are described in detail on the Anzac Memorial's website.

The visual focal point of the Memorial is the beautiful and moving bronze sculpture ‘Sacrifice’, which stands in the centre of the Hall of Silence. The artwork depicts the recumbent figure of a young warrior, who has made the supreme sacrifice. His naked body lies upon a shield, which is supported by three women: his mother, wife, and sister. In the arms of one of the women is a child, representing the future generations for whom the sacrifice has been made. 

The Memorial's Centenary Extension also features education and exhibition spaces, which include interactive educational displays, artworks, photographs, and memorabilia from those who served. The Memorial has a collection of more than 7,000 items related to the service of NSW men and women. 

Learn more:
Anzac Memorial – The Hall of Silence
Anzac Memorial – The Hall of Memory
Anzac Memorial – The Hall of Service

Exterior design and features

The exterior of the Memorial is a work of art in itself, mixing Gothic architectural elements with Art Deco styling. High above street level, the façade features 20 sculpted figures representing the units of the Australian Imperial Force: the Army, Navy, Flying and Medical Corps.

Positioned above the eastern and western entrance doors are two bronze bas reliefs, depicting scenes from the First World War. The first relief depicts soldiers during the Eastern Campaigns and the second represents the Western Front.

To the north of the Memorial is the Pool of Reflection and on the southern side is the water feature and forecourt area known as the Cascade. The Cascade was originally planned by Dellit in the 1930s; however, was not built at the time due to budgetary restraints caused by the Depression. His vision was realised more than 80 years later when the Centenary Extension was officially opened on 20 October 2018, by His Royal Highness Prince Harry the Duke of Sussex.

Learn more: Anzac Memorial – The memorial’s exterior

Location

The Memorial is located in Hyde Park South, in Sydney's CBD. An accessible walkway is provided via the Cascade entrance, facing Liverpool Street.

Visitor and other information

Information about visiting the memorial is available on the Anzac Memorial's website.

See the ‘Related links’ section below to learn more about the history and main features of the memorial.

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the Trustees of the Anzac Memorial for contributing information and photographs for this page.

Materials
  • Bronze
  • Concrete
  • Glass
  • Marble
Inscription

Foundation stone 1

The Anzac Memorial

A Soldier set this stone
on the nineteenth July 1932

Foundation stone 2

The Anzac Memorial

A citizen set this stone
on the nineteenth July 1932

Re-dedication plaque

The Anzac Memorial
Rededicated on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary as
a memorial to all Australians
who serve their country in war.

In the presence of his excellency
Air Marshal Sir James Rowland, K.B.E, D.F.C, A.F.C,
Governor of New South Wales
30 November, 1984

The Centenary Extension foundation stone

The Anzac Memorial
Centenary Extension 2014–2018
Honouring NSW service in peacekeeping and conflict

Interior - Hall of Silence threshold stone

Let silent contemplation
be your offering

The Hall of Memory - niche 1

Gallipoli

The Landing - Krithia - Lone Pine - Sari Bair - Hill 60 - The evacuation

The Hall of Memory - niche 2

France and Belgium

Somme 1916 - Bullecourt - Messines - Ypres -  Amiens - Somme 1916 - Hindenburg Line

The Hall of Memory - niche 3

New Guinea and High Seas

Kabakaul - Cocos Islands - West Atlantic - North Sea - Otranto Barrage - Malaysia

The Hall of Memory - niche 4

Egypt and Palestine 

Romani - Gaza and Beersheba - Jordan Valley - Megiddo - Damascus

Hall of Service threshold stone

New South Wales service
with and for all Australians

Interior - plaque

The Anzac Memorial

Designed to express with dignity and simplicity neither
the glory nor the glamour of war, but those nobler
attributes of human nature which the war of 1914–18
so vividly brought forth - courage, endurance, and 
sacrifice.

Erected 1932–34
Architect: C. B. Dellit

Trustees
The Premier of New South Wales
The Lord Mayor of Sydney
The Leader of the Opposition
The Public Trustee
The Managing Director of the Commonwealth Banking Corporation of Australia
The President of the Returned Services League of Australia (New South Wales Branch)
The President of the Limbless Soldiers Association of New South Wales
The President of the T.B. Sailors, Soldiers and Airmen's Association of New South Wales

Interior - plaque

Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force
Women's Royal Australian Naval Service
Australian Women's Army Service
Australian Army Medical Women's Service

1914–1945

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Address
Hyde Park South
Elizabeth and Liverpool Streets
Sydney NSW 2000
Australia
Local Government Area
  • Sydney, City of
Setting
  • Garden/park
Location status
Original location
Memorial type
  • Building
Recorded by
NSW War Memorials Register. Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park.
Year of construction
1932–1934
Established Date format: 
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Established date
'; print $new_date; } else{ print ''; }
Dedication date
24 November 1934
Conflict/s
  • Peacekeeping, 1947–present
  • All conflicts